Popular Sites of Natural Attractions
The natural tourist attractions in Ethiopia include the Danakil Depression, different National Parks and Sof Omar Cave. These are much less visited but among the most compelling attractions of Ethiopia.
Means of Transportation To Natural Attractions Of Ethiopia: most places can only be reached by 4WD.
The Road Conditions To Natural Attractions Of Ethiopia: It depends
on the type of tour you choose; generally roads that lead to many
of the natural attractions are gravel roads that demand for the
use of 4x4 jeeps. Some of these natural attractions can also be
reached with bus. Detail information can be obtained on request
Accommodations in The Natural Attractions Of Ethiopia: Mainly basic hotels and camping grounds
Nature & Wildlife
Ethiopia boasts seven of the Great Rift Valley lakes. Some are alkaline brown, yet surprisingly good for swimming some are tropical in setting; some are bordered or fed by hot mineral springs; some play host to large flocks of flamingos, pelicans, cormorants, herons, storks and ibises; with 831 recorded bird species, Ethiopia is a bird-watcher’s paradise.
Tana is the source of the Blue Nile. The lake is dotted with
island monasteries, which house many treasures of medieval art
Only 30 kilometres from the lake, the river explodes over Tis lsat falls (meaning’ smoke of fire’) - a sight that inspired wonder from the 18th century explorer, James Bruce. Before the Blue Nile joins the White Nile, which flows north from Lake Victoria, it runs for 800 kilometers through one of world’s deepest and most dramatic gorges.
Ethiopia’s mountains rise up to a height of over 4,000 meter, with Mount Batu, the second highest peak in Ethiopia, rising to 4,307 metres. The national parks enable the visitor to enjoy the country’s scenery and its wildlife, conserved in natural habitats, and offer opportunities for travel adventure unparallel in Africa.
Awash National Park
is the oldest and most developed wildlife reserve in Ethiopia. Featuring the 1,800-metre Fantalle Volcano, numerous mineral hot springs and extraordinary volcanic formations, this natural treasure is bordered to the south by the Awash River and lies 225 kilometers east of the capital Addis Ababa.
The wildlife consists mainly of East African Plains animals. Oryx, bateared fox, caracal aardvark, colobus and green monkeys, Anubis and hamadryas baboons, klip-springer, leopard, bushbuck, hippopotamus, Soemmering’s gazelle, cheetah, lion kudu and 450 species of birds of all kinds live with in the park’s 720 square kilometers.
The Bale Mountains,
with their vast moorlands-the lower reaches covered with St. John’s wort- and their extensive heathland, virgin woodlands, pristine mountain streams and alpine climate, remain an untouched and beautiful world. Rising to a height or more than 4,000 meters, the range borders Ethiopia’s southern highlands, whose highest peak, Mount Tullu Deemtu, stands at 4,377 metres.
The Establishment of the 2,400-square-kilometre Bale Mountains
National Park was crucial to the survival of the mountain nyala,
Menelik’s bushbuck and the simien red fox. This fox is one of the
most colorful members of the dog family and more abundant here
than anywhere else in Ethiopia. All three endemic animals thrive
in this environment, the nyala in particular being seen in large
numbers. The Bale Mountains offer some fine high-altitude terrain
for horse and foot trekking, and the streams of the park- which
become important rivers-further downstream-are well-stocked with
rainbow and brown trout.
The Baro River area,
accessible by land or air through the western Ethiopian town of Gambela, remains a place of adventure and challenge. Traveling across the undulating plains of high Sudanese grass, visitors can enjoy a sense of achievement in simply finding their way around. This is Ethiopia’s true tropical zone and here are found all the elements of the African safari, enhanced by a distinctly Ethiopian flavor Nile perch weighing too kilos can be caught in the waters of Baro, snatched from the jaws of the huge crocodiles that thrive along the riverbank,
The white-eared kob also haunts the Baro along with other riverbank residents that include the Nile lechwe, buffalo, giraffe, tiang, waterbuck roan antelope, zebra, bushbuck, roan antelope. Abyssinian reedbuck, warthog, hartebeest, lion elephant and hippopotamus.
The Simien Mountain
massif is a broad plasteau, cut off to the north and west by an enormous single crag over 60 kilometres long. To the south, the tableland slopes gently down to 2,200 metres, divided by gorges 1,000 metres deep which can take more than two days to cross Insufficient geological time has elapsed to smooth the contours of the crags and buttresses of hardened basalt.
Within this spectacular splendor live the Walia (Abyssinian) ibex, Simien red fox and Gelada baboon-all endemic to Ethiopia- as well as the hamadryas baboon, klipspringer and bushbuck.
Birds such as the lammergeyer, augur buzzard, Verreaux’s eagle, kestrel and falcon soar above this mountain retreat.
Twenty kilometers north-east
of Gonder,the Simien Mountains National Park covers 179 square
kilometers of highland area at an average elevation of 3,300
meters. Ras Dashen at 4,620 metres the highest peak in Ethiopia
stands adjacent to the park.
The Simien escarpments which are often compared to the Grand Canyon in the United States of America have been named by UNFSCO as a World Heritage Site.
The Afar region is part of the Ethiopian Rift Valley. Since the late 1960s it has attracted the attention of researchers because of its uniqueness as the world's only active, superior triple junction where the complex tectonics and volcanism of an area between three separating lithosphere plates (African, Eastern African, and Arabian) can be observed on dry land. From archaeological point of view it was from this region that LUCY, the most important hominid skeleton dated at about 3.5 million years discovered.
Any one who wants to visit the homeland of this Great, Great, Great grandmother of the 6 Billion people of the world have to travel to the Afar region. The Denakil Depression, at 120 meters below sea level is one of the lowest points on earth's surface and it is found in the Afar region.