WEATHER AND CLIMATE OF ETHIOPIA
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Ethiopia’s climate is primarily divided into three distinct zones:
Tropical Zone (Qola)
Found at altitudes below 1,500 meters, this zone experiences hot and arid weather throughout the year. The average temperature lies between 25°C and 30°C, with the hottest months being April and May. The Danakil Depression, one of the hottest and lowest places on Earth, is located within this zone.
Temperate Zone (Woyna Dega)
Situated between 1,500 and 2,500 meters, this zone features mild weather and moderate rainfall. With average temperatures ranging between 16°C and 25°C, this region is home to most of Ethiopia’s major cities, including Addis Ababa, the capital city.
Cool Zone (Dega)
Located above 2,500 meters, this zone is characterized by cool temperatures and heavy rainfall. The average temperature lies between 5°C and 16°C, with frost and occasional snowfall at higher altitudes. The Simien Mountains and the Bale Mountains are part of this zone.